Check out our latest paper published in Scientific Reports! You can read the abstract below, for the full text: click here
Hereditary hyperferritinaemia‑cataract syndrome (HHCS) is a rare disorder usually caused by heterozygous mutations in the iron responsive element (IRE) in the 5’ untranslated region (5’UTR) of the L‑ferritin gene (FTL), disturbing the binding of iron regulatory proteins (IRPs) and the post‑transcriptional regulation of ferritin expression. Here, the proband of a consanguineous family displayed moderate bilateral cataracts and elevated serum ferritin in the absence of iron overload. The parents and siblings showed variable degrees of mild bilateral cataracts combined with elevated levels of circulating ferritin. Sequencing of FTL identified a novel 5’UTR mutation c.-151A>G, also named “Ghent +49A>G”. The zygosity of the mutation, occurring in homozygous and heterozygous state in the proband and other affected family members respectively, correlated well with severity of ophthalmological and hematological manifestations. The substitution is expected to impair the secondary structure of the upper IRE stem. Functional characterization of +49A>G by electrophoretic mobility shift assays demonstrated a reduced binding affinity for IRP1 compared to the wild‑type IRE of FTL. Overall, we have expanded the repertoire of deleterious biallelic FTL IRE mutations in HHCS with this novel +49A>G mutation, the zygosity of which correlated well with the disease expression.